Florida Ant Identification

Acrobat Ant

Acrobat Ant

Acrobat Ant

Color:  Light Brown to dark brownish black

Nesting:  Acrobat ants nest outdoors in soil, leaves or wood; indoors in building voids and insulation.  They may be found in wood previously tunneled by termites or carpenter ants and in rigid foam insulation.

Food Facts:  They eat sweets, grease, and proteins.

Argentine Ant

Argentine Ant

Argentine Ant

Color:  Shiny and brown

Nesting:  Argentine ants prefer moist areas, under logs, concrete slabs, debris, and mulch.  They build large colonies and can move rapidly.  They move indoors in winter.

Food Facts:  They feed on sweets, fats, and oils.

Big-Headed Ant

Color:  Ranging from light brown to dark reddish

Big-Headed Ant

Big-Headed Ant

brown

Nesting:  Big-Headed ants nest in protected outdoor areas under logs, mulch, firewood, or patio blocks.  Active foragers, ant trails are common along sidewalks, foundations, and inside along baseboards, and under carpets.  They rarely live indoors.

Food Facts:  They prefer insects, proteins, sweets, and grease.

Caribbean Crazy Ant

Color:  Golden-brown to reddish-brown in color.  Smooth and glossy body surface.

Caribbean Crazy Ant

Caribbean Crazy Ant

Nesting:  In the last few years, most of the reports of Caribbean Crazy ant infestations have come from in and around South Florida. Thick foraging trails with thousands of ants can be found along sidewalks, around buildings and on trees and shrubs. They often build very large colonies with thousands of workers and multiple queens.

Food Facts:  They scavenge a wide variety of solid and liquid foods, such as seeds, fruits, garbage, honeydew, and practically any household food.  They are also predatory and will attack insects and other ant species.  They forage much more erratically than other ants.

Carpenter Ant

Color:  Many varieties, sizes, and colors – tan, red, black

Carpenter Ant

Carpenter Ant

Nesting:  Carpenter ants like to nest in moist, decayed wood.  They will hollow out wood in trees, firewood, and fence posts, but they don’t eat wood.  Indoors, they build colonies in wall voids, foam insulation, eaves, and crawl spaces.  Peak foraging occurs at night.

Food Facts:  They primarily feed on insect honeydew, plant and fruit juices, and insects.  Carpenter ants often invade structures in spring/fall looking for other food sources, including sweets.

Fire Ant

Color:  Blackish to reddish bodies with a copper brown head

Fire Ant

Nesting:  Fire ants make invisible nests under timber, logs, rocks, or bricks, in soil near moist areas, such as ponds and watered lawns.  Without suitable cover, dome-shaped mounds will be constructed, usually only found in open spaces, such as fields, parks, and lawns.

Food Facts:  They feed mostly on young plants, seeds, and sometimes crickets.       They will also attack small animals, which can kill them.  Fire ants bite in order to get a grip on its prey, then sting (from the abdomen) to inject a toxic venom.  For humans, this is a painful sting with the after-effects of the sting being deadly to sensitive individuals.

Ghost Ant

Ghost Ant

Ghost Ant

Color:  Pale.  Front half is dark; the back half and legs are light.

Nesting:  As moisture-seeking ants, ghost ants usually nest outdoors, under stones, logs, firewood, or in potted plants.  Indoors, they build colonies behind baseboards, in wall voids, cabinets, etc.

Food Facts:  They prefer sweets and dead insects.

Pavement Ant

Color:  Dark brown with small stingers

Pavement Ant

Pavement Ant

Nesting:  They nest along sidewalks and foundatins of buildings, near firewood, stones, brick, mulch, etc.  They forage in trails from outside colonies to indoor food sources, far from nests.  Pavement ants can access structures via plumbing pipes and move to upper building floors.  They may throw soil out on top of concrete slabs when inside and swarm inside building.Food Facts:  They prefer dead insects, greasy foods, sweets, and pet food.

Pharoah Ant

Pharoah Ants

Pharoah Ants

Color:  Yellow with reddish abdomen

Nesting:  Colonies are quite large with many queens.  Common nesting sites include wood, wall voids, and baseboards.  They prefer warm humid areas near food and water, and are a common hospital pest.

Food Facts:  They eat a variety of foods – especially meats, pet foods, and dead insects.

Pyramid Ant

Pyramid Ant

Pyramid Ant

Color:  Two species – one is red and black, the other is light brown

Nesting:  They nest in soild and make simple mounds.  They may forage indoors, but seldom build colonies inside.  They prefer lawns in direct sun, and get along well with fire ants.

Food Facts:  Pyramid ants prefer sweets, fats and oils.

Small Honey Ant

Small Honey Ant

Small Honey Ant

Color:  Light to dark brown

Nesting:  They are typically found in shaded areas – in landscaping beds or under shrubs.  They will rest under slabs along expansion joints.  Small honey ants are very cold tolerant, and are often the first and last species actively foraging.  Customers often find them in and around pool areas in clusters.

Food Facts:  Small honey ants prefer sweets, such as honeydew.

White-Footed Ant

Color:  Dark body.  The distinguishing feature of the ant is the pale light color of tarsi on all six legs.

White-footed Ant

White-footed Ant

Nesting:  White-footed ant colonies can contain one million or more adults.  Any object on the ground, heavy vegitation or trees will be used as a nesting site.  They are also known to nest in dead wood cavities of trees.  Their foraging trails are pronounced and easy to find outdoors.  Indoors, they will nest in wall voids and plants.

Food Facts:  White-footed ants are sweet-eaters.